In dentistry and orthodontics, a malocclusion refers to the improper contact among the teeth in the dental arches. The development of permanent teeth might be affected by a number of factors that are beyond the control of an individual. Some people are genetically prone to developing crowding in the upper and lower teeth. This type of problem usually occurs when the mouth is too small for relatively large teeth. Typically caused by sucking and chewing habits, an open bite is another common type of malocclusion. As a result of accelerated jaw growth, overbites and underbites also require professional orthodontic treatment.
It’s important to note that orthodontic solutions are suitable only for patients who have all of their permanent teeth fully erupted. Even during the early teenage years, some children might not be ready to wear braces or seek other treatment. Extractions are also commonly done to certain permanent teeth that may create complications. For example, the canine teeth are the main culprits of moderate to severe crowding. These teeth usually erupt noticeably higher than the gum lines.
Types of Braces
Conventional braces consist of metallic brackets that are cemented to the front surface of the teeth. Also made from metal, arch wires run through all of the brackets in order to generate and maintain desirable tension. Bands, ties, elastic hooks, ligatures, coil springs and buccal tubes are some other small components that collectively make up braces.
Ceramic braces are another option. These types of braces come with great aesthetic benefits that appeal to teenagers and young adults. Nevertheless, they are relatively fragile compared to metal types.
Alternatives to Braces
Orthodontic patients who don’t wish to wear any types of braces may want to consider other options for treatment. Regardless of the type of treatment, the final phase of every orthodontic treatment includes the wearing of a retainer. This is essentially a mouthpiece that’s designed to retain the positions of the upper and lower teeth. A retainer should be worn nightly in order to reduce the potential of a relapse. Our orthodontist can create a custom wearing schedule that should be closely followed for a set amount of time.
Contact Us Today
If you live in Murfreesboro or Shelbyville and are considering braces, make an appointment at Pack Orthodontics in order to consult with our orthodontist. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and get started!