The maxilla is a large bone that makes up the upper part of the human jaw. The lower portion of the maxilla corresponds to the roof of the mouth, which is also known as the palate. Classified as the biggest bone in the face, the mandible makes up the lower jaw. During early childhood, the maxilla and mandible form and develop independently. Ideally, these bones should grow in sync with each other. However, genetic defects and other factors can interfere with the proper development of the jaw. Consequently, the upper and lower teeth might not align with each other. A misalignment of the teeth is called a malocclusion in the world of orthodontics. Oftentimes, jaw surgery is needed to correct certain problems.
Jaw Surgery and Orthodontic Treatment
A person who has a moderate to severe form of an overbite or underbite might need to have oral surgery in order to successfully complete an orthodontic treatment. Braces are supposed to align the teeth into desirable positions in the mouth. However, the anatomy of the jaw can create major limitations on the effectiveness of traditional orthodontic manipulation. It might be necessary to physically alter the maxilla and mandible to prepare a patient for braces.
An orthognathic surgery is a type of procedure that’s designed specifically to facilitate certain dental and orthodontic solutions. During this procedure, both jaw bones might be expanded or reduced in size according to the unique case of the patient. The goal is to align the mandible with the maxilla that excessively protrudes forward.
What Happens After Jaw Surgery?
Our team will make sure to provide you with exact details concerning what to expect after jaw surgery. It is important to follow our team’s instructions regarding healing for optimal results.
When the jaw has been shifted into a desirable position, braces can be installed on the teeth. Every month or so, the braces have to be manipulated in order to create tension and pressure on the teeth. A jaw that has not fully healed may complicate orthodontic treatment. Therefore, very slight tension will be applied to the arch wires that link the brackets together. Too much tension in the braces can compromise some of the correctional effects of a recent jaw surgery.
The final stage of orthodontic treatment requires the wearing of a retainer. This is a simple mouthpiece that is inserted over the teeth to prevent a relapse. A retainer usually includes a metallic wire that applies constant pressure to the front surface of teeth. The other parts of this device also stabilize the roof of the mouth and gums.
Talk to Our Orthodontist in Murfreesboro or Shelbyville
Dr. Pack at Pack Orthodontics in Murfreesboro and Shelbyville can determine whether or not you require braces, as well as if you will need to undergo jaw surgery in order to correct any functional issues. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and get started.